Graphic Organiser Project Tasks
Graphic organisers help readers create a mental picture of the text’s information. They can be used for a variety of purposes.
Graphic organisers help students organise their thoughts before writing, during writing and after writing. Educators can also use graphic organisers with their students for instructional purposes while reading.
Graphic organisers can also be used as a scaffold before, during or after reading to organise thoughts or assess comprehension of various text types or structures for students with varied reading levels and/or language levels.
Adding Graphic Organisers to a Project
To add graphic organisers to a project that you are creating or editing, do the following:
- At the bottom of the project page, select the + next to Graphic Organiser Task.
- In the window that opens, enter a title and objective for the task, and select the type of graphic organiser that you want the student to work on. (See the descriptions in the next section.) Each organiser is shown as a blank template to help you choose.
- Close the window. The graphic organiser task will automatically be saved and will be added to the list of tasks in the right column. Drag the task to move it to the point in the project where you want students to do the task. (Remember: myON does not force students to complete the tasks in the order you have arranged them. Your students will be able to access this task through the project at any time.) In this example, we have added a Venn Diagram task to an existing project. You can add more than one graphic organiser task to your project; simply repeat the steps above.
- Click the Save button in the top right corner of the project page to save the project. Then, choose Assign to review which students have the project assigned, or choose Edit to make further changes.
How Students See Graphic Organiser Tasks
Assigned students will see an overview of the project when they view all assigned projects. The graphic organiser task will show up as an activity for them to start using in association with this project.
In this project example, the student is prompted to read three books from a book list task. Then, the student is asked to use the graphic organiser to create a Main Idea and Details chart for one book. The student will use the Start Graphic Organiser button to begin.
Once the task is complete, the graphic organiser is available to students throughout the rest of the project. Students can choose to turn it in for teacher review.
Types of Graphic Organisers
There are currently twelve graphic organisers available in myON projects for assignment:
What do I Know, what do I Want to know, and what have I Learned? A KWL chart helps students organise the research questions they still have and the previous knowledge they may need to double-check. Typical use is to fill in the K and W areas before their research. They will refine these and add in the L area as they do their research. Additionally, KWL charts also can help students develop habits of summarising, questioning, predicting, inferring and figuring out word meanings.
Describe what is similar and what is different between two concepts or objects. Organise the similarities and the differences before doing a compare and contrast exercise. Typical use of a Venn diagram includes two versions of the same book, two characters or any two items that share some characteristics. The first and last sections are characteristics specific to one of the concepts or objects. The middle overlap section is where characteristics shared by both are listed.
Main Idea and Details
Put the main idea in the centre box, and then surround it with details that help support or prove that main idea. Organise your thoughts around a story, or enter your research hypothesis as a main idea. This graphic organiser works great for writing both narrative and descriptive text.
Cause and Effect
Identify cause and effect relationships and use the diagram to show how one event affects another one in a process. You can record disjointed events (where one cause has one effect), multiple causes or even a chain or cycle of events.
Use this graphic organiser to plot events along a timeline, which can help students sequence what happened when. You can use this graphic organiser for both research as well as reviewing literature.
Knowledge maps (semantic maps) often include a central topic or concept surrounded by supporting concepts and details. Use this graphic organiser to help student comprehension and organisation of the main idea, the central question or the author’s purpose. Help students visualise the relationship between words and meanings. This concept map allows you to construct and convey complex information, and as you build the map, you can gain an increased understanding of the topic. Students concentrate on the relationship between items and prioritise the items.
Place the character’s name in the centre box, then add information to help you understand the character and motivations in the outlying boxes. You can use the four boxes on the sides to discuss character behavior, personality, feelings, events that shaped the character, what the character says/does or even how the character looks. A character map can help students to gain perspective on why characters behave the way they do in the story and to make connections with other characters within the same text or across texts.
Make a Prediction
We use the text clues and our background knowledge to predict what will happen next in a story or what we will learn later in a text. Making predictions provides us with motivation and purpose for reading. This graphic organiser helps students organise clues from the story and add their own life experiences to predict what a character will do or how a story will unfold. How will the key problems in the story be solved? Use the Make a Prediction graphic organiser to write the prediction and what evidence in the text supports that prediction.
The Five Ws
Fill in each row with details that answer the question. There is one row each for what happened, who was there, why did it happen, when did it happen and where did it happen. This is a great way for students to organise thoughts around historic events, scientific discoveries and story structures.
Visualise relationships between words and their potential meanings. Use this graphic organiser to list the word, and then add in a definition, synonyms, antonyms and example sentences that use the word. Students will build their vocabulary and understanding of specific target words, and they will make connections and remember new words. Generating examples helps new words and terms become memorable and more concrete for students.
Think, Pair and Share
Have students individually think about a question regarding a concept or character. They will put their individual thoughts in the top section (what I thought). Then, they will pair with a partner and document what their partner thought in the second section. Finally, they will use the third section to document their conversation and revised understanding (what they plan on sharing). Use this graphic organiser to have students quickly process academic language and content being learned before, during or after reading.
Examine prior knowledge and learning through a standard KWL chart, but then add in a section for what students might still want to know after completing their research. The fourth area is very helpful to define future research and reading.